The fatty acid (FA) composition of callus lipids in two pine species, Pinus sibirica Du Tour and P. sylvestris L. was studied. Callus lipids were characterized by a high content of unsaturated FAs: 81.7% in P. sibirica and 63.2% in P. sylvestris. Among them, oleic and linoleic acids predominated (22.9 and 34.0% of total FAs in P. sibirica and 17.6 and 27.8% in P. sylvestris, respectively). Callus lipids also contained Δ5-UPIFA (unsaturated polymethyle-interrupted FAs), where pinoleic and sciadonic acids predominated. A comparison of FAs in the lipids of P. sylvestris calluses derived from needle and needle photosynthesizing tissues of this pine species showed that callus lipids were characterized by a greater diversity of Δ5-UPIFA but a lower degree of FA unsaturation and he higher level of Δ5-UPIFA.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 2, 2010
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