Purpose Intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) is an increasingly available imaging technique for ophthalmic microsurgery that provides high-resolution cross-sectional information of the surgical scene. We propose to build on its desirable qualities and present a method for tracking the orientation and location of a surgical needle. Thereby, we enable the direct analysis of instrument–tissue interaction directly in OCT space without complex multimodal calibration that would be required with traditional instrument tracking methods. Method The intersection of the needle with the iOCT scan is detected by a peculiar multistep ellipse ﬁtting that takes advantage of the directionality of the modality. The geometric modeling allows us to use the ellipse parameters and provide them into a latency-aware estimator to infer the 5DOF pose during needle movement. Results Experiments on phantom data and ex vivo porcine eyes indicate that the algorithm retains angular precision especially during lateral needle movement and provides a more robust and consistent estimation than baseline methods. Conclusion Using solely cross-sectional iOCT information, we are able to successfully and robustly estimate a 5DOF pose of the instrument in less than 5.4 ms on a CPU. Keywords Optical coherence tomography · iOCT · Instrument tracking · Ophthalmic tool tracking ·
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 30, 2018
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