Keywords Optically-active γ-valerolactone · Levulinic acid · Alkyl levulinate · Tartaric acid modified Ni · Enantio- differentiating hydrogenation 1 Introduction The GVL can be produced by the hydrogenation of alkyl levulinate or levulinic acid that is obtained by the hydrolysis The application of γ-valerolactone (GVL) as a sustainable of cellulosic biomass [18, 19]. Concerning the production liquid for carbon-based chemicals was first proposed by Hor - of the racemic GVL, intensive studies have already been vath et al. . In recent years, much attention has been paid reported using various homogeneous catalysts [20–23] and for the facile synthesis of GVL for the production of various heterogeneous catalysts [24, 25]. Meanwhile, the research kinds of materials. For example, the application of GVL is studies for the production of the optically-active GVL have a raw material for liquid alkanes [2, 3], and a precursor of not made much progress compared to that of the racemic bio-polymers [4–7]. GVL is also proposed as a renewable ones. Especially, the development of enantio-selective het- solvent [8–12], as well as a fuel additive . Especially, the erogeneous catalysts has lagged behind the homogeneous optically-active GVL can be a chiral starting compound for ones [16, 26–29]. the synthesis of chiral fine
Catalysis Letters – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 18, 2018
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