Pristine Si is oxidized to insulative SiO2 when it comes in contact with air and water. Covering it with a protection layer inhibits passivation of Si and significantly improves its photoelectrochemical performance. In this study, TiOx with gradient change of oxygen stoichiometry ratio (TiOx) was designed as a protection layer and fabricated via a chemical vapour deposition process in Ar flow under 400 °C for 1 min. The anaerobic atmosphere and short heating duration synergistically produced the ratio of O and Ti lower than two in the prepared film. XPS analysis suggested the existance of TiO2 only at the surface of TiOx film and Ti3+ and Ti2+ appeared successively with the increase of distance to the surface. The first advantage of lower-valence-state Ti and oxygen deficiency was to inhibit the oxidation of Si and to reduce electric resistance of the interface and the protection layer. The second advantage was to create a defect energy level under the conduction band of TiO2 which provided the possibility for holes in the valence band of Si to be transferred to this defect level. This tunnel like transfer enhanced the photogenerated charge separation and redox ability of TiOx–Si which brought a 3.25 folds enhancements in photocurrent density compared to that of stoichiometric TiO2–Si at 0 V (SCE) under simulated sunlight. This study highly motivates further research on transparent and conductive protection layer of Si photoelectrode.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera