Fabrication and sensing property for conducting polymer nanowire-based biosensor for detection of immunoglobulin G

Fabrication and sensing property for conducting polymer nanowire-based biosensor for detection of... Conducting polymers are excellent sensing materials in the design of bioanalytical sensors because of their electronic conductivity, low energy optical transitions, biocompatibility, and room temperature operation. Among them, Polypyrrole (Ppy) is one of the most extensively used conducting polymers because of a number of properties such as redox activity, rapid electron transfer, and ability to link a variety of biomolecules to pyrrole groups by chemical treatment. In this study, Ppy nanowires were synthesized by an electrospinning method. The nanowires were prepared from a solution mixture of Ppy and poly(ethylene oxide). The method of detection in such a device is based on the selective binding of antigen onto an antibody that is covalently attached to the nanowires. Thus, anti-IgG was immobilized on Ppy nanowires using an EDC {[N-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl)-N2-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride]}-NHS(N-hydrosuccinimide) modified technique. Fluorescence images of BSA–FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate labeling of bovine serum albumin) conjugation demonstrated that antibody was functionalized on the Ppy nanowires without non-specific binding and facilitated selective detection of antigen. Current–voltage (I–V) characterization was used to monitor the change in the conductivity of nanowires while the specific binding interaction occurred. These results of electrical properties enable Ppy nanowire-based biosensors to detect biomolecules in real-time. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Fabrication and sensing property for conducting polymer nanowire-based biosensor for detection of immunoglobulin G

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-014-1669-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Conducting polymers are excellent sensing materials in the design of bioanalytical sensors because of their electronic conductivity, low energy optical transitions, biocompatibility, and room temperature operation. Among them, Polypyrrole (Ppy) is one of the most extensively used conducting polymers because of a number of properties such as redox activity, rapid electron transfer, and ability to link a variety of biomolecules to pyrrole groups by chemical treatment. In this study, Ppy nanowires were synthesized by an electrospinning method. The nanowires were prepared from a solution mixture of Ppy and poly(ethylene oxide). The method of detection in such a device is based on the selective binding of antigen onto an antibody that is covalently attached to the nanowires. Thus, anti-IgG was immobilized on Ppy nanowires using an EDC {[N-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl)-N2-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride]}-NHS(N-hydrosuccinimide) modified technique. Fluorescence images of BSA–FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate labeling of bovine serum albumin) conjugation demonstrated that antibody was functionalized on the Ppy nanowires without non-specific binding and facilitated selective detection of antigen. Current–voltage (I–V) characterization was used to monitor the change in the conductivity of nanowires while the specific binding interaction occurred. These results of electrical properties enable Ppy nanowire-based biosensors to detect biomolecules in real-time.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: May 22, 2014

References

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