Miniaturization of optical spectrometers can be achieved by Fabry–Pérot (FP) filter arrays. Each FP filter consists of two parallel highly reflecting mirrors and a resonance cavity in between. Originating from different individual cavity heights, each filter transmits a narrow spectral band (transmission line) with different wavelengths. Considering the fabrication efficiency, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) technology is applied to implement the high-optical-quality distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs), while substrate conformal imprint lithography (one type of nanoimprint technology) is utilized to achieve the multiple cavities in just a single step. The FP filter array fabricated by nanoimprint combined with corresponding detector array builds a so-called “nanospectrometer”. However, the silicon nitride and silicon dioxide stacks deposited by PECVD result in a limited stopband width of DBR (i.e., < 100 nm), which then limits the sensing range of filter arrays. However, an extension of the spectral range of filter arrays is desired and the topic of this investigation. In this work, multiple DBRs with different central wavelengths (λ c) are structured, deposited, and combined on a single substrate to enlarge the entire stopband. Cavity arrays are successfully aligned and imprinted over such terrace like surface in a single step. With this method, small chip size of filter arrays can be preserved, and the fabrication procedure of multiple resonance cavities is kept efficient as well. The detecting range of filter arrays is increased from roughly 50 nm with single DBR to ~ 163 nm with three different DBRs.
Applied Nanoscience – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
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