Extreme Precipitation, Public Health Emergencies, and Safe Drinking Water in the USA

Extreme Precipitation, Public Health Emergencies, and Safe Drinking Water in the USA Purpose of Review This review examines the effectiveness of drinking water regulations to inform public health during extreme precipitation events. This paper estimates the vulnerability of specific populations to flooding in their public water system, reviews the literature linking precipitation to waterborne outbreaks, examines the role that Safe Drinking Water Act and Public Notification (PN) Rule have in public health emergencies, and reviews the effectiveness of the PN Rule during the 2017 Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico. Recent Findings Public water systems in large metropolitan areas have substantial portions of their customer base at risk for a waterborne outbreak during a flooding event. The PN Rule are ambiguous for who is responsible for declaring a “waterborne emergency” following a natural disaster like Hurricane Maria. Summary Revisions to the current PN Rule that mandate public notification and water quality sampling during extreme precip- itation events are necessary to ensure the public is aware of their drinking water quality following these events. . . . . . Keywords Flooding Precipitation Waterborne infection Safe Drinking Water Act Natural disasters Public Notification Rule Introduction regulations associated with their operations are sufficient to protect public health during the entire range of operating Twelve public http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Environmental Health Reports Springer Journals

Extreme Precipitation, Public Health Emergencies, and Safe Drinking Water in the USA

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by This is a U.S. government work and its text is not subject to copyright protection in the United States; however, its text may be subject to foreign copyright protection
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Medicine/Public Health, general; Environmental Health
eISSN
2196-5412
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40572-018-0200-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review This review examines the effectiveness of drinking water regulations to inform public health during extreme precipitation events. This paper estimates the vulnerability of specific populations to flooding in their public water system, reviews the literature linking precipitation to waterborne outbreaks, examines the role that Safe Drinking Water Act and Public Notification (PN) Rule have in public health emergencies, and reviews the effectiveness of the PN Rule during the 2017 Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico. Recent Findings Public water systems in large metropolitan areas have substantial portions of their customer base at risk for a waterborne outbreak during a flooding event. The PN Rule are ambiguous for who is responsible for declaring a “waterborne emergency” following a natural disaster like Hurricane Maria. Summary Revisions to the current PN Rule that mandate public notification and water quality sampling during extreme precip- itation events are necessary to ensure the public is aware of their drinking water quality following these events. . . . . . Keywords Flooding Precipitation Waterborne infection Safe Drinking Water Act Natural disasters Public Notification Rule Introduction regulations associated with their operations are sufficient to protect public health during the entire range of operating Twelve public

Journal

Current Environmental Health ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 23, 2018

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