As potential autocrine or paracrine factors, extracellular nucleotides are known to be important regulators of renal ion transporters by activating cell surface receptors and intracellular signaling pathways. We investigated the influence of extracellular adenine nucleotides on Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3) activity in A6-NHE3 cells. This is a polarized cell line obtained by stable transfection of A6 cells with the cDNA encoding the rat isoform of NHE3, which is expressed on the apical membrane. Basolateral addition of the P2Y1 agonist, 2-MeSADP, induced an inhibition of NHE3 activity, which was prevented by preincubation with selective P2Y1 antagonists, MRS 2179 (N6-methyl-2?-deoxyadenosine-3?,5?-bisphosphate) and MRS 2286 (2-[2-(2-chloro-6-methylamino-purin-9-yl)-ethyl]-propane-1,3-bisoxy(diammoniumphosphate)). NHE3 activity was also significantly inhibited by ATP and ATP-g-S but not by UTP. 2-MeSADP induced a P2Y1 antagonist-sensitive increase in both [Ca2+]i and cAMP production. Pre-incubation with a PKC inhibitor, Calphostin C, or the calcium chelator BAPTA-AM, had no effect on the 2-MeSADP-dependent inhibition of NHE3 activity, whereas this inhibition was reversed by either incubation with the PKA inhibitor H89 or by mutation of two PKA target serines (S552 and S605) on NHE3. Pre-incubation of the A6-NHE3 cells with the synthetic peptide, Ht31, which prevents the binding between AKAPs and the regulatory PKA subunits RII, also prevented the 2-MeSADP-induced inhibition of NHE3. We conclude that only the cAMP/PKA pathway is involved in the inhibition of NHE3 activity.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 18, 2014
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