Expression patterns of GASA genes in Arabidopsis thaliana: the GASA4 gene is up-regulated by gibberellins in meristematic regions

Expression patterns of GASA genes in Arabidopsis thaliana: the GASA4 gene is up-regulated by... The GASA gene family previously identified in Arabidopsis belongs to a wide-spread class of genes found in mono- and dicotyledonous plants, all structurally related to the original GA-regulated GAST1 gene from tomato. They encode small peptides (97 to 112 residues) of unknown function sharing a 60 amino acid conserved C-terminal domain comprising twelve conserved cysteine residues which define a pattern not related to other known cysteine-rich motifs. Northern blot hybridization analysis revealed sequential expression of three genes during flowering, silique development and seed germination. GASA4 transcripts were detected in flower buds. GASA1 transcripts markedly accumulated in siliques, about five days after pollination, and correlated with the peak of GA biosynthesis at this stage of silique development. GASA3 transcripts accumulated at the end of the maturation stage of the silique, and transcripts were still present in dry seeds but degraded rapidly during imbibition. In addition, the GASA4 gene was again actively transcribed after germination and this expression was shown to be dependent on the presence of GAs in GA-deficient mutants. Immunoblot analysis confirmed the presence of the GASA4 gene product in flower buds, seedlings and roots. We focused on the GASA4 gene and characterized its expression. The upstream region (-890 to +128) was fused to the GUS reporter gene. GASA4/GUS expression was detected in transgenic Arabidopsis primarily in all meristematic regions, including vegetative, inflorescence and floral meristems, as well as primary and lateral root tips. In a GA-deficient background (ga1–3), GUS activity in the vegetative meristem was detected only in the presence of supplied GA. In root and flower meristems, basal GUS activity was slightly enhanced by exogenous GA. Interestingly, GA strongly inhibit GUS activity in expanding cotyledons and leaves in ga1–3 mutants supplied with exogenous GAs, as well as in the wild type. The GA-dependent meristem-specific expression pattern suggests that the GASA4 protein plays a role in dividing cells rather than in elongating cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Expression patterns of GASA genes in Arabidopsis thaliana: the GASA4 gene is up-regulated by gibberellins in meristematic regions

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/expression-patterns-of-gasa-genes-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-the-gasa4-U800c0FM82
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1005938624418
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial