Expression of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 in Human Blood Lymphocytes and Jurkat Leukemia T Cells

Expression of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 in Human Blood... Regulation of Ca2+ entry is a key process for lymphocyte activation, cytokine synthesis and proliferation. Several members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family can contribute to changes in [Ca2+]in; however, the properties and expression levels of these channels in human lymphocytes continue to be elusive. Here, we established and compared the expression of the most Ca2+-selective members of the TRPs, Ca2+ channels transient receptor potential vanilloid 5 and 6 (TRPV5 and TRPV6), in human blood lymphocytes (HBLs) and leukemia Jurkat T cells. We found that TRPV6 and TRPV5 mRNAs are expressed in both Jurkat cells and quiescent HBLs; however, the levels of mRNAs were significantly higher in malignant cells than in quiescent lymphocytes. Western blot analysis showed TRPV5/V6 proteins in Jurkat T cells and TRPV5 protein in quiescent HBLs. However, the expression of TRPV6 protein was switched off in quiescent HBLs and turned on after mitogen stimulation of the cells with phytohemagglutinin. Inwardly directed monovalent currents that displayed characteristics of TRPV5/V6 currents were recorded in both Jurkat cells and normal HBLs. In outside–out patch-clamp studies, currents were reduced by ruthenium red, a nonspecific inhibitor of TRPV5/V6 channels. In addition, ruthenium red downregulated cell-cycle progression in both activated HBLs and Jurkat cells. Thus, we identified TRPV5 and TRPV6 calcium channels, which can be considered new candidates for Ca2+ entry into human lymphocytes. The correlation between expression of TRPV6 channels and the proliferative status of lymphocytes suggests that TRPV6 may be involved in the physiological and/or pathological proliferation of lymphocytes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Expression of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 in Human Blood Lymphocytes and Jurkat Leukemia T Cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/expression-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-channels-trpv5-jEqycID37E
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-012-9511-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Regulation of Ca2+ entry is a key process for lymphocyte activation, cytokine synthesis and proliferation. Several members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family can contribute to changes in [Ca2+]in; however, the properties and expression levels of these channels in human lymphocytes continue to be elusive. Here, we established and compared the expression of the most Ca2+-selective members of the TRPs, Ca2+ channels transient receptor potential vanilloid 5 and 6 (TRPV5 and TRPV6), in human blood lymphocytes (HBLs) and leukemia Jurkat T cells. We found that TRPV6 and TRPV5 mRNAs are expressed in both Jurkat cells and quiescent HBLs; however, the levels of mRNAs were significantly higher in malignant cells than in quiescent lymphocytes. Western blot analysis showed TRPV5/V6 proteins in Jurkat T cells and TRPV5 protein in quiescent HBLs. However, the expression of TRPV6 protein was switched off in quiescent HBLs and turned on after mitogen stimulation of the cells with phytohemagglutinin. Inwardly directed monovalent currents that displayed characteristics of TRPV5/V6 currents were recorded in both Jurkat cells and normal HBLs. In outside–out patch-clamp studies, currents were reduced by ruthenium red, a nonspecific inhibitor of TRPV5/V6 channels. In addition, ruthenium red downregulated cell-cycle progression in both activated HBLs and Jurkat cells. Thus, we identified TRPV5 and TRPV6 calcium channels, which can be considered new candidates for Ca2+ entry into human lymphocytes. The correlation between expression of TRPV6 channels and the proliferative status of lymphocytes suggests that TRPV6 may be involved in the physiological and/or pathological proliferation of lymphocytes.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 2012

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off