Monocytes-macrophages, the target cells of African swine fever virus (ASFV) are highly heterogeneous in phenotype and function. In this study, we have investigated the correlation between the phenotype of specific populations of porcine macrophages and their permissiveness to ASFV infection. Bone marrow cells and fresh blood monocytes were less susceptible to in vitro infection by ASFV than more mature cells, such as alveolar macrophages. FACS analyses of monocytes using a panel of mAbs specific for porcine monocyte/macrophages showed that infected cells had a more mature phenotype, expressing higher levels of several macrophage specific markers and SLA II antigens. Maturation of monocytes led to an increase in the percentage of infected cells, which correlated with an enhanced expression of CD163. Separation of CD163 + and CD163 − monocytes demonstrated the specific sensitivity of the CD163 + subset to ASFV infection. In vivo experiments also showed a close correlation between CD163 expression and virus infection. Finally, mAb 2A10 and, in a lower extent, mAb 4E9 were able to inhibit, in a dose-dependent manner, both ASFV infection and viral particle binding to alveolar macrophages. Altogether, these results strongly suggest a role of CD163 in the process of infection of porcine monocytes/macrophages by ASFV.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera