We describe the construction of recombinant Potato virus X (PVX) vectors expressing two different epitopes, ep4 and ep6, from Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV). The seven-amino-acid epitopes were expressed as N-terminal coat protein fusions and were displayed on the surface of PVX particles. Particle assembly into full virions was successful even though no wild type coat protein subunits were present, and the epitopes could be detected in crude extracts and purified virus preparations with appropriate antibodies. A construct containing both epitope sequences in tandem was also prepared. The resulting PVX particles could be detected by antibodies against ep4 and ep6, either individually or simultaneously, showing that both epitopes were accessible. In addition mixed infections with PVX vectors containing the individual ep4 and ep6 sequences were carried out. This resulted in the formation of PVX particles displaying ep4 alone, ep6 alone, or both epitopes. These experiments demonstrate for the first time that PVX can be utilized to present multiple epitopes, either tandemly on every coat protein subunit or as heteromultimeric assemblies, both of which could be useful vaccination strategies. The production of epitope-presenting viruses in which every coat protein subunit contains a foreign epitope allows the high-level expression of defined numbers of foreign antigen sites, making such viruses useful standards for immune detection.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud