Expression of Mucor circinelloides gene for Δ6 desaturase results in the accumulation of high levels of γ-linolenic acid in transgenic tobacco

Expression of Mucor circinelloides gene for Δ6 desaturase results in the accumulation of high... γ-Linolenic acid (GLA; C18:3 Δ6,9,12) is a nutritionally important fatty acid (FA) playing a vital role in biological structures and cellular functions, which is not produced in oil seed crops. Many oil seed plants, however, produce significant quantities of linoleic acid, a FA that could be converted into GLA by the enzyme Δ6 desaturase, if it is present. As a first step to produce GLA in oil seed crops, we isolated a cDNA encoding the Δ6-FA desaturase from filamentous fungus Mucor circinelloides M29. Expression of this gene in transgenic tobacco resulted in the accumulation of GLA to the levels of 23.1% of the total FA. The results suggested that it is feasible to introduce the M. circinelloides Δ6 desaturase gene into conventional oil crop to produce a large amount of GLA for functional foods and pharmaceutical products. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Expression of Mucor circinelloides gene for Δ6 desaturase results in the accumulation of high levels of γ-linolenic acid in transgenic tobacco

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443708010093
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

γ-Linolenic acid (GLA; C18:3 Δ6,9,12) is a nutritionally important fatty acid (FA) playing a vital role in biological structures and cellular functions, which is not produced in oil seed crops. Many oil seed plants, however, produce significant quantities of linoleic acid, a FA that could be converted into GLA by the enzyme Δ6 desaturase, if it is present. As a first step to produce GLA in oil seed crops, we isolated a cDNA encoding the Δ6-FA desaturase from filamentous fungus Mucor circinelloides M29. Expression of this gene in transgenic tobacco resulted in the accumulation of GLA to the levels of 23.1% of the total FA. The results suggested that it is feasible to introduce the M. circinelloides Δ6 desaturase gene into conventional oil crop to produce a large amount of GLA for functional foods and pharmaceutical products.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 18, 2011

References

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