The production of vaccine antigens in plants is a safe and potentially very cost-effective alternative to traditional expression systems. We investigated the possibility of transgenic plant expression of the Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 L1 major capsid protein, with and without nuclear localisation signals, in Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi plants. The genes were stably integrated into the N. tabacum genome, and both the expressed proteins were capable of assembling into capsomers and virus-like particles. The proteins in concentrated leaf extracts (L1 Tr ) were tested for antigenicity using a panel of characterised monoclonal antibodies (Mabs). Neutralising and conformation-specific Mabs (H16:V5 and H16:E70) were shown to bind to both types of the plant-produced particles. We estimated the L1 Tr product yield to be 2–4 µg per kg of fresh leaf material. Rabbits immunised with small doses of plant-produced particles elicited a weak anti-HPV-16 L1 immune response. Our results support the feasibility of using transgenic plants for the production of HPV vaccines.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 18, 2002
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera