The functions of serotonin include the growth and development regulation of female germ cells as well as early embryo development. RT-PCR analysis of mRNA expression of the genes of the enzymes for synthesis and degradation and transporters and receptors of serotonin during folliculogenesis and preimplantation development of mice was performed to discover the particular mechanisms of these functions. The mRNA of tryptophan hydroxylase tph1 and monoaminoxidase maoa; membrane transporter sert and vesicular transporter vmat2; and serotonin receptors htr1b, htr1d, htr2a, htr5b, and htr7 were revealed in granulosa cells. The expression of mRNA of the aromatic amino acid decarboxylase ddc and the htr2b receptor additionally appears in the yellow body. The expression of mRNA of the genes of the tph2, ddc, and maoa enzymes; the sert, vmat1, and vmat2 transporters; and quite a number of receptors is observed during the preimplantation development, and it is transitory in most of them. The expression of all components and its dynamics suggest that the serotonergic signaling system is functionally active in mouse folliculogenesis and preimplantation development.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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