Expression of anti human IL-4 and IL-6 scFvs in transgenic tobacco plants

Expression of anti human IL-4 and IL-6 scFvs in transgenic tobacco plants The two murine single-chain Fv (scFv) genes against human interleukin IL-4 and IL-6 cytokines were cloned in a plant expression vector (pGEJAE1) and mobilized to Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Tobacco leaf discs were co-cultured with Agrobacterium and transferred to selective media for regeneration. The tobacco in vitro plants produced scFvs against human IL-4 and IL-6. Only 8% of transformed plants expressing anti-IL-4 scFv were obtained versus 76% of transformed plants expressing anti-IL-6 scFv. In addition, some plants producing anti-IL-4 and anti-IL-6 scFvs aged more rapidly in in vitro conditions and in greenhouse pots than did control plants. Western blot analysis showed that the transformed Nicotiana tabacum plants contained proteins with an apparent molecular mass on electrophoresis of ca. 32 kDa, corresponding to the predicted size of the scFvs. As entire plant root seemed to accumulate more scFv than did leaves, we decided to continue working with isolated roots. Anti-IL-6 scFvs were detected in cultivated roots and their culture media. Functional anti-IL-6 scFv accounted for 0.16–0.18% of total soluble proteins. The affinity of the anti-IL-6 scFv produced in plants and measured by Biacore was similar to that of scFv produced in Escherichia coli. The high levels of antibody accumulation in isolated roots and secretion into the medium demonstrate the potential for producing recombinant protein in bioreactor systems. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Expression of anti human IL-4 and IL-6 scFvs in transgenic tobacco plants

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1023902407855
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The two murine single-chain Fv (scFv) genes against human interleukin IL-4 and IL-6 cytokines were cloned in a plant expression vector (pGEJAE1) and mobilized to Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Tobacco leaf discs were co-cultured with Agrobacterium and transferred to selective media for regeneration. The tobacco in vitro plants produced scFvs against human IL-4 and IL-6. Only 8% of transformed plants expressing anti-IL-4 scFv were obtained versus 76% of transformed plants expressing anti-IL-6 scFv. In addition, some plants producing anti-IL-4 and anti-IL-6 scFvs aged more rapidly in in vitro conditions and in greenhouse pots than did control plants. Western blot analysis showed that the transformed Nicotiana tabacum plants contained proteins with an apparent molecular mass on electrophoresis of ca. 32 kDa, corresponding to the predicted size of the scFvs. As entire plant root seemed to accumulate more scFv than did leaves, we decided to continue working with isolated roots. Anti-IL-6 scFvs were detected in cultivated roots and their culture media. Functional anti-IL-6 scFv accounted for 0.16–0.18% of total soluble proteins. The affinity of the anti-IL-6 scFv produced in plants and measured by Biacore was similar to that of scFv produced in Escherichia coli. The high levels of antibody accumulation in isolated roots and secretion into the medium demonstrate the potential for producing recombinant protein in bioreactor systems.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 7, 2004

References

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