Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants which express genes encoding insect, Dendroides canadensis, antifreeze proteins (AFP) were produced by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The antifreeze protein genes, both with and without the signal peptide sequence (for protein secretion), were expressed in transformed plants. Thermal hysteresis activity (indicating the presence of active AFPs) was present in protein extracts from plants expressing both proteins and was also detected in leaf apoplast fluid from plants expressing AFPs with the signal peptide. Transgenic lines did not demonstrate improved ability to survive freezing when compared to wild-type. However, when cooled under four different regimes, transgenic lines with AFPs in the apoplast fluid froze at significantly lower temperatures than did wild-type, especially in the absence of extrinsic nucleation events.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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