Expression of an anther-specific chalcone synthase-like gene is correlated with uninucleate microspore development in Nicotiana sylvestris

Expression of an anther-specific chalcone synthase-like gene is correlated with uninucleate... Two cDNA clones, specifically expressed in Nicotiana sylvestris anthers during uninucleate microspore development, were isolated using a subtractive hybridization approach. Sequence analysis showed that one of them, NSCHSLK, displayed a high level of similarity to several anther-specific chalcone synthase-like (CHSLK) proteins and an ORF from chromosome 1 of Arabidopsis thaliana. A lower, but significant, similarity to chalcone synthases and closely related enzymes (CHSRE) was also detected. The structure of the nschslk gene was found to be typical of the chalcone (chs) / stilbene (sts) synthase family. Expression of NSCHSLK mRNA was confined to microspores and tapetal cells. UV-irradiation or infection with Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae of transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana plants carrying a chimeric nschslk/GUS gene indicated that the nschslk promoter exhibits the same anther-specific, developmentally regulated expression pattern. Comparison of CHSRE and CHSLK polypeptide sequences revealed some important similarities and differences between the two groups. The data presented in this study, suggest that the anther-specific chslk genes represent a separate sub-family of plant polyketide synthases related to chs/sts in terms of gene structure, polypeptide sequence and the possible catalytic mechanism, but differing in substrate/product specificity. The putative role of CHSLK enzymes in anther development and particularly in exine synthesis is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Expression of an anther-specific chalcone synthase-like gene is correlated with uninucleate microspore development in Nicotiana sylvestris

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006074508779
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two cDNA clones, specifically expressed in Nicotiana sylvestris anthers during uninucleate microspore development, were isolated using a subtractive hybridization approach. Sequence analysis showed that one of them, NSCHSLK, displayed a high level of similarity to several anther-specific chalcone synthase-like (CHSLK) proteins and an ORF from chromosome 1 of Arabidopsis thaliana. A lower, but significant, similarity to chalcone synthases and closely related enzymes (CHSRE) was also detected. The structure of the nschslk gene was found to be typical of the chalcone (chs) / stilbene (sts) synthase family. Expression of NSCHSLK mRNA was confined to microspores and tapetal cells. UV-irradiation or infection with Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae of transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana plants carrying a chimeric nschslk/GUS gene indicated that the nschslk promoter exhibits the same anther-specific, developmentally regulated expression pattern. Comparison of CHSRE and CHSLK polypeptide sequences revealed some important similarities and differences between the two groups. The data presented in this study, suggest that the anther-specific chslk genes represent a separate sub-family of plant polyketide synthases related to chs/sts in terms of gene structure, polypeptide sequence and the possible catalytic mechanism, but differing in substrate/product specificity. The putative role of CHSLK enzymes in anther development and particularly in exine synthesis is discussed.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 6, 2004

References

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