Proteasomes degrade specific proteins that have been targeted for proteolysis by ubiquitination. In animals and yeast nuclear-localised proteasomes play a role in regulating the cell cycle, and other developmental processes, via control of the levels of regulatory nuclear proteins such as cyclins and transcription factors. A cDNA, NtPSA1, isolated from tobacco styles was found to have high similarity to human and yeast genes, PRCI−human and PRCI−yeast with 63.4% and 51.6% overall identity respectively. These genes are believed to encode non-catalytic α-type subunits of 26S proteasomes and like NtPSA1 have putative nuclear localisation signals. NtPSA1 RNA was found to accumulate to varying levels in different parts of the plant and at different developmental stages. In particular, the level of NtPSA1 RNA was high in young dividing and expanding tissues, and declined during the senescence of both leaves and flowers. These results suggest that a role of proteasomes in plant nuclei may be to regulate developmental events by controlling the levels of regulatory proteins in proliferating and developing tissues, rather than to degrade and recycle proteins during senescence.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 29, 2004
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