Expression and function of Anoctamin 1/TMEM16A calcium-activated chloride channels in airways of in vivo mouse models for cystic fibrosis research

Expression and function of Anoctamin 1/TMEM16A calcium-activated chloride channels in airways of... Physiological processes of vital importance are often safeguarded by compensatory systems that substitute for primary processes in case these are damaged by gene mutation. Ca2+-dependent Cl− secretion in airway epithelial cells may provide such a compensatory mechanism for impaired Cl− secretion via cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channels in cystic fibrosis (CF). Anoctamin 1 (ANO1) Ca2+-gated Cl− channels are known to contribute to calcium-dependent Cl− secretion in tracheal and bronchial epithelia. In the present study, two mouse models of CF were examined to assess a potential protective function of Ca2+-dependent Cl− secretion, a CFTR deletion model (cftr−/−), and a CF pathology model that overexpresses the epithelial Na+ channel β-subunit (βENaC), which is encoded by the Scnn1b gene, specifically in airway epithelia (Scnn1b-Tg). The expression levels of ANO1 were examined by mRNA and protein content, and the channel protein distribution between ciliated and non-ciliated epithelial cells was analyzed. Moreover, Ussing chamber experiments were conducted to compare Ca2+-dependent Cl− secretion between wild-type animals and the two mouse models. Our results demonstrate that CFTR and ANO1 channels were co-expressed with ENaC in non-ciliated cells of mouse tracheal and bronchial epithelia. Ciliated cells did not express these proteins. Despite co-localization of CFTR and ANO1 in the same cell type, cells in cftr−/− mice displayed no altered expression of ANO1. Similarly, ANO1 expression was unaffected by βENaC overexpression in the Scnn1b-Tg line. These results suggest that the CF-related environment in the two mouse models did not induce ANO1 overexpression as a compensatory system. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology Springer Journals

Expression and function of Anoctamin 1/TMEM16A calcium-activated chloride channels in airways of in vivo mouse models for cystic fibrosis research

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Physiology; Molecular Medicine; Neurosciences; Cell Biology; Receptors
ISSN
0031-6768
eISSN
1432-2013
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00424-018-2160-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Physiological processes of vital importance are often safeguarded by compensatory systems that substitute for primary processes in case these are damaged by gene mutation. Ca2+-dependent Cl− secretion in airway epithelial cells may provide such a compensatory mechanism for impaired Cl− secretion via cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channels in cystic fibrosis (CF). Anoctamin 1 (ANO1) Ca2+-gated Cl− channels are known to contribute to calcium-dependent Cl− secretion in tracheal and bronchial epithelia. In the present study, two mouse models of CF were examined to assess a potential protective function of Ca2+-dependent Cl− secretion, a CFTR deletion model (cftr−/−), and a CF pathology model that overexpresses the epithelial Na+ channel β-subunit (βENaC), which is encoded by the Scnn1b gene, specifically in airway epithelia (Scnn1b-Tg). The expression levels of ANO1 were examined by mRNA and protein content, and the channel protein distribution between ciliated and non-ciliated epithelial cells was analyzed. Moreover, Ussing chamber experiments were conducted to compare Ca2+-dependent Cl− secretion between wild-type animals and the two mouse models. Our results demonstrate that CFTR and ANO1 channels were co-expressed with ENaC in non-ciliated cells of mouse tracheal and bronchial epithelia. Ciliated cells did not express these proteins. Despite co-localization of CFTR and ANO1 in the same cell type, cells in cftr−/− mice displayed no altered expression of ANO1. Similarly, ANO1 expression was unaffected by βENaC overexpression in the Scnn1b-Tg line. These results suggest that the CF-related environment in the two mouse models did not induce ANO1 overexpression as a compensatory system.

Journal

Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

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