Expression and conservation of processed copies of the RBMX gene

Expression and conservation of processed copies of the RBMX gene RBMX and RBMY are members of an ancient pair of genes located on the sex chromosomes that encode RNA-binding proteins involved in splicing. These genes have differentiated and evolved separately on the X and Y Chromosomes. RBMY has acquired a testis-specific function, whereas, as shown here, RBMX is ubiquitously expressed and is subject to X inactivation. We have also found that multiple processed copies of RBMX are present in the human genome. RBMX-like sequences (RBMXLs) located on human Chrs 1, 4, 6, 9 (9p13 and 9p24), 11, 20, and X lack introns and thus probably result from retroposition events. We found RBMXLs to be conserved in primates and great apes at corresponding chromosomal locations, indicating that they arose prior to the divergence of human. Some of the RBMXLs show insertions, deletions, and stop codons, which would probably result in nonfunctional proteins. The RBMXL on Chr 20 is deleted in some individuals. Two of the largely intact RBMXLs, located on Chrs 1 and 9p13, are expressed in different tissues and may encode novel proteins involved in splicing in a tissue-specific manner. The RBMXL located at 9p13 is specifically expressed in testis, and to a lesser extent in brain, and may therefore play a role in testis function. This autosomal, testis-specific copy of RBMX could potentially compensate for RBMX that is presumably inactivated in male germ cells, in a manner analogous to autosomal retroposed copies of other X-linked genes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals
Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/expression-and-conservation-of-processed-copies-of-the-rbmx-gene-OiJRBHuet9
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335001-0003-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

RBMX and RBMY are members of an ancient pair of genes located on the sex chromosomes that encode RNA-binding proteins involved in splicing. These genes have differentiated and evolved separately on the X and Y Chromosomes. RBMY has acquired a testis-specific function, whereas, as shown here, RBMX is ubiquitously expressed and is subject to X inactivation. We have also found that multiple processed copies of RBMX are present in the human genome. RBMX-like sequences (RBMXLs) located on human Chrs 1, 4, 6, 9 (9p13 and 9p24), 11, 20, and X lack introns and thus probably result from retroposition events. We found RBMXLs to be conserved in primates and great apes at corresponding chromosomal locations, indicating that they arose prior to the divergence of human. Some of the RBMXLs show insertions, deletions, and stop codons, which would probably result in nonfunctional proteins. The RBMXL on Chr 20 is deleted in some individuals. Two of the largely intact RBMXLs, located on Chrs 1 and 9p13, are expressed in different tissues and may encode novel proteins involved in splicing in a tissue-specific manner. The RBMXL located at 9p13 is specifically expressed in testis, and to a lesser extent in brain, and may therefore play a role in testis function. This autosomal, testis-specific copy of RBMX could potentially compensate for RBMX that is presumably inactivated in male germ cells, in a manner analogous to autosomal retroposed copies of other X-linked genes.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 2001

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off