Expressed Sequence Tags from loblolly pine embryos reveal similarities with angiosperm embryogenesis

Expressed Sequence Tags from loblolly pine embryos reveal similarities with angiosperm embryogenesis The process of embryogenesis in gymnosperms differs in significant ways from the more widely studied process in angiosperms. To further our understanding of embryogenesis in gymnosperms, we have generated Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) from four cDNA libraries constructed from un-normalized, normalized, and subtracted RNA populations of zygotic and somatic embryos of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). A total of 68,721 ESTs were generated from 68,131 cDNA clones. Following clustering and assembly, these sequences collapsed into 5,274 contigs and 6,880 singleton sequences for a total of 12,154 non-redundant sequences. Searches of a non-identical amino acid database revealed a putative homolog for 9,189 sequences, leaving 2,965 sequences with no known function. More extensive searches of additional plant sequence data sets revealed a putative homolog for all but 1,388 (11.4%) of the sequences. Using gene ontologies, a known function could be assigned for 5,495 of the 12,154 total non-redundant sequences with 13,633 associations in total assigned. When compared to ∼72,000 sequences in a collated P. taeda transcript assembly derived from >245,000 ESTs derived from root, xylem, stem, needles, pollen cone, and shoot ESTs, 3,458 (28.5%) of the non-redundant embryo sequences were unique and thereby provide a valuable addition to development of a complete loblolly pine transcriptome. To assess similarities between angiosperm and gymnosperm embryo development, we examined our EST collection for putative homologs of angiosperm genes implicated in embryogenesis. Out of 108 angiosperm embryogenesis-related genes, homologs were present for 83 of these genes suggesting that pine contains similar genes for embryogenesis and that our RNA sampling methods were successful. We also identified sequences from the pine embryo transcriptome that have no known function and may contribute to the programming of gene expression and embryo development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/expressed-sequence-tags-from-loblolly-pine-embryos-reveal-similarities-SBGZBS0KWc
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-006-9035-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The process of embryogenesis in gymnosperms differs in significant ways from the more widely studied process in angiosperms. To further our understanding of embryogenesis in gymnosperms, we have generated Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) from four cDNA libraries constructed from un-normalized, normalized, and subtracted RNA populations of zygotic and somatic embryos of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). A total of 68,721 ESTs were generated from 68,131 cDNA clones. Following clustering and assembly, these sequences collapsed into 5,274 contigs and 6,880 singleton sequences for a total of 12,154 non-redundant sequences. Searches of a non-identical amino acid database revealed a putative homolog for 9,189 sequences, leaving 2,965 sequences with no known function. More extensive searches of additional plant sequence data sets revealed a putative homolog for all but 1,388 (11.4%) of the sequences. Using gene ontologies, a known function could be assigned for 5,495 of the 12,154 total non-redundant sequences with 13,633 associations in total assigned. When compared to ∼72,000 sequences in a collated P. taeda transcript assembly derived from >245,000 ESTs derived from root, xylem, stem, needles, pollen cone, and shoot ESTs, 3,458 (28.5%) of the non-redundant embryo sequences were unique and thereby provide a valuable addition to development of a complete loblolly pine transcriptome. To assess similarities between angiosperm and gymnosperm embryo development, we examined our EST collection for putative homologs of angiosperm genes implicated in embryogenesis. Out of 108 angiosperm embryogenesis-related genes, homologs were present for 83 of these genes suggesting that pine contains similar genes for embryogenesis and that our RNA sampling methods were successful. We also identified sequences from the pine embryo transcriptome that have no known function and may contribute to the programming of gene expression and embryo development.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 26, 2006

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off