Police officers are sometimes trained that certain behavioral cues predict impending violent behavior. Additionally, surveys revealed many hold perceptions that these behavioral predictors of violence are valid, yet empirical evidence of validity is sparse and contra- dictory. The present study used frame-by-frame analysis of videotaped police arrest encounters to explore the validity of nine behavioral cues in predicting whether the arrestee violently resisted arrest. The results revealed that four of the nine behaviors were predictive of violence, yet notable variation occurred across racial groups. The validity of the remaining behavioral cues remains equivocal at this time. . . . . . Keywords Aggression Violence Non-verbal behavior Non-verbal cues Officer safety Pre-attack indicators Over many decades, some police training books and articles that 2001; Hubbard et al. 2002), and by medical patients in a hospital deal with physical dangers to police officers gave the impression setting (Jackson et al. 2014a, b;Roy 2013). While these studies that there were specific human behavioral cues, such as pacing, have supported the validity of some behavioral cues (such as avoiding eye contact, or invading personal space, that law en- assuming a fighter’s stance, invading personal space, and forcement officers could use to predict impending
Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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