A field study was conducted to quantify spatial soil variability and to analyze correlations among soil properties at different spatial scales. Soil samples from 0 to 30 cm depth were collected from two adjacent fields in the southwestern Beauce Plain (France) which consisted of Haplic Calcisols and Rendzic Leptosols. Factorial kriging analysis (FKA) was used to describe the co-regionalization of nine soil properties. A linear model of co-regionalization including a nugget effect, and two spherical models were fitted to the experimental data direct and cross-variograms of the topsoil layer properties which were previously estimated. Co-kriged regionalized factors, related to short and long-range variation, were then mapped to characterize soil variation across the two fields. The potential value of ancillary sampled variables, such as yield data, to provide information on soil properties was tested. The relation between yield and measured soil properties appeared to be weak in general. However, the structures of the variation in yield appeared to be relatively stable for two years and showed similar patterns as the co-kriged soil factors. This suggests that information on the scale of variation of soil properties can be derived from yield maps, which can also be used as a guide to suitable sampling interval for soil properties and as a basis for managing fields in a precise way.
Precision Agriculture – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 30, 2004
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