Exploring Perceptions of Blame for Autism Spectrum Disorder

Exploring Perceptions of Blame for Autism Spectrum Disorder J Dev Phys Disabil https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-018-9604-2 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Exploring Perceptions of Blame for Autism Spectrum Disorder 1 1 Linda McKenna Gulyn & Catherine Diaz-Asper Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Science has made strides in describing the neurobiological and genetic bases for autism, but its etiology remains poorly understood. Literature reveals that when families face an autism diagnosis they speculate reasons for its cause, many of which are consistent – and others not consistent – with current scientific understanding. Beliefs affect families’ emotional responses and behaviors related to helping their children. This pilot study involved the development of a survey instrument based on a sample of fifteen Bcausal^ beliefs for autism reported in a review of the literature, and five hundred and eighty-nine adults indicated their agreement with each. Factor analysis reduced beliefs to four categories, thought to represent Parenting, Genetics, Supernatural and Medical/Chemical causes. Multiple regression analyses suggest that demographic characteristics, including education level and race, predicted endorsement of beliefs. The most common is BGenetics^ but additional explanations are also involved to a lesser degree. Given the prevalence of autism worldwide, this pilot study established an approach for gauging the range of lay explanations for http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities Springer Journals

Exploring Perceptions of Blame for Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Public Health; Pediatrics
ISSN
1056-263X
eISSN
1573-3580
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10882-018-9604-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

J Dev Phys Disabil https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-018-9604-2 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Exploring Perceptions of Blame for Autism Spectrum Disorder 1 1 Linda McKenna Gulyn & Catherine Diaz-Asper Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Science has made strides in describing the neurobiological and genetic bases for autism, but its etiology remains poorly understood. Literature reveals that when families face an autism diagnosis they speculate reasons for its cause, many of which are consistent – and others not consistent – with current scientific understanding. Beliefs affect families’ emotional responses and behaviors related to helping their children. This pilot study involved the development of a survey instrument based on a sample of fifteen Bcausal^ beliefs for autism reported in a review of the literature, and five hundred and eighty-nine adults indicated their agreement with each. Factor analysis reduced beliefs to four categories, thought to represent Parenting, Genetics, Supernatural and Medical/Chemical causes. Multiple regression analyses suggest that demographic characteristics, including education level and race, predicted endorsement of beliefs. The most common is BGenetics^ but additional explanations are also involved to a lesser degree. Given the prevalence of autism worldwide, this pilot study established an approach for gauging the range of lay explanations for

Journal

Journal of Developmental and Physical DisabilitiesSpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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