Mine water inrush is very common in China and can cause hysteresis and severe damage. The entire process of crack formation, concealed fault propagation, and evolution of a water inrush channel with high pressure water directly beneath the mine floor was physically simulated based on fluid–solid coupling mechanics and solid materials research. Activated materials were used to simulate fault damaged rock, including soybeans, sand, Vaseline, and calcium carbonate. The results indicate that water channels are mainly caused by the connection between tectonic rock zones and coal floor cracks, which are the direct cause for water inrush. Furthermore, the lagging water inrush mechanism from the coal floor in a confined water body under both a stress field and a seepage field were revealed. The formation of the water inrush path with temporal and spatial variations was analyzed by interpreting the monitoring data and phenomena. The data showed that the floor stress in front of the working face increased and was affected by the abutment pressure, and that floor stress under the mined-out area began to decrease simultaneously. The stress of the upper wall showed a drastic drop while the stress of the footwall continued to decline and then stabilized after the water inrush. This work provides new approaches and knowledge for research on deep mining water inrush structures.
Mine Water and the Environment – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 27, 2017
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