Experimental investigation on turbulent flow in a square-sectioned 90-degree bend

Experimental investigation on turbulent flow in a square-sectioned 90-degree bend The development of steady, turbulent flow in a 90° section of a curved square duct was studied at a Reynolds number of 4 × 104 by hot-wire anemometer. The curved duct has a cross-section measuring 80 × 80 mm and a curvature radius ratio of 4 and is connected with a long, straight duct at its both ends. The longitudinal and lateral components of mean and fluctuating velocities, and the Reynolds stresses were measured by the method of rotating a probe with an inclined hot-wire. The velocity fields of the primary and secondary flows, and the Reynolds stress distributions in the cross-section were illustrated in the form of contour map. The development of the primary flow was found to be connected with a strong pressure gradient near the outer and inner wall and a secondary flow induced in the cross-section of the bend by a pressure difference between the outer and inner wall and a centrifugal force acting on the fluid; the fluid is accelerated near the inner wall and decelerated near the outer wall between the bend angle ϕ ≅ 0° and ϕ ≅ 30°, but an increase and decrease of the fluid velocity are reversed between ϕ ≅ 30° and ϕ ≅ 90°. The fluctuating velocity correlations, i.e. the Reynolds stresses follow a complicated progress according to the complex development of the primary flow. The results obtained can be available to verify various types of turbulence models and to develop new models. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Experimental investigation on turbulent flow in a square-sectioned 90-degree bend

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003480000157
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The development of steady, turbulent flow in a 90° section of a curved square duct was studied at a Reynolds number of 4 × 104 by hot-wire anemometer. The curved duct has a cross-section measuring 80 × 80 mm and a curvature radius ratio of 4 and is connected with a long, straight duct at its both ends. The longitudinal and lateral components of mean and fluctuating velocities, and the Reynolds stresses were measured by the method of rotating a probe with an inclined hot-wire. The velocity fields of the primary and secondary flows, and the Reynolds stress distributions in the cross-section were illustrated in the form of contour map. The development of the primary flow was found to be connected with a strong pressure gradient near the outer and inner wall and a secondary flow induced in the cross-section of the bend by a pressure difference between the outer and inner wall and a centrifugal force acting on the fluid; the fluid is accelerated near the inner wall and decelerated near the outer wall between the bend angle ϕ ≅ 0° and ϕ ≅ 30°, but an increase and decrease of the fluid velocity are reversed between ϕ ≅ 30° and ϕ ≅ 90°. The fluctuating velocity correlations, i.e. the Reynolds stresses follow a complicated progress according to the complex development of the primary flow. The results obtained can be available to verify various types of turbulence models and to develop new models.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 6, 2001

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