The steady, turbulent flow in a circular-sectioned 90° bend with smooth walls has been investigated experimentally. The bend had a curvature radius ratio of 4.0 with long, straight upstream and downstream pipes. The longitudinal, circumferential and radial components of mean and fluctuating velocities, and the Reynolds stresses in the pipe cross section at several longitudinal stations were obtained with the technique of rotating a probe with an inclined hot wire at a Reynolds number of 6×104. The velocity fields of the primary and secondary flows, and the Reynolds stress distributions in the cross section were illustrated. Moreover, other characteristics of the bend flow, such as deviation of the primary flow and intensity of the secondary flow, were presented. Simultaneously, discussions were given on the transition of phenomena in the longitudinal direction and the structures of turbulence in the 90° bend.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 16, 1998
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