Experimental Investigation on the Specific Heat of Carbonized Phenolic Resin-Based Ablative Materials

Experimental Investigation on the Specific Heat of Carbonized Phenolic Resin-Based Ablative... As typical phenolic resin-based ablative materials, the high silica/phenolic and carbon/phenolic composites are widely used in aerospace field. The specific heat of the carbonized ablators after ablation is an important thermophysical parameter in the process of heat transfer, but it is rarely reported. In this investigation, the carbonized samples of the high silica/phenolic and carbon/phenolic were obtained through carbonization experiments, and the specific heat of the carbonized samples was determined by a 3D DSC from 150 $$^{\circ }\hbox {C}$$ ∘ C to 970 $$^{\circ }\hbox {C}$$ ∘ C . Structural and compositional characterizations were performed to determine the mass fractions of the fiber and the carbonized product of phenolic which are the two constituents of the carbonized samples, while the specific heat of each constituent was also measured by 3D DSC. The masses of the carbonized samples were reduced when heated to a high temperature in the specific heat measurements, due to the thermal degradation of the carbonized product of phenolic resin in the carbonized samples. The raw experimental specific heat of the two carbonized samples and the carbonized product of phenolic resin was modified according to the quality changes of the carbonized samples presented by TGA results. Based on the mass fraction and the specific heat of each constituent, a weighted average method was adopted to obtain the calculated results of the carbonized samples. Due to the unconsolidated property of the fiber samples which impacts the reliability of the DSC measurement, there is a certain deviation between the experimental and calculated results of the carbonized samples. Considering the similarity of composition and structure, the data of quartz glass and graphite were used to substitute the specific heat of the high silica fiber and carbon fiber, respectively, resulting in better agreements with the experimental ones. Furthermore, the accurate specific heat of the high silica fiber and carbon fiber bundles was obtained by inversion, enabling the prediction of the specific heat of the carbonized ablators with different constituent mass fractions by means of the weighted average method in engineering. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Thermophysics Springer Journals

Experimental Investigation on the Specific Heat of Carbonized Phenolic Resin-Based Ablative Materials

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Physics; Condensed Matter Physics; Classical Mechanics; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Physical Chemistry
ISSN
0195-928X
eISSN
1572-9567
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10765-017-2286-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

As typical phenolic resin-based ablative materials, the high silica/phenolic and carbon/phenolic composites are widely used in aerospace field. The specific heat of the carbonized ablators after ablation is an important thermophysical parameter in the process of heat transfer, but it is rarely reported. In this investigation, the carbonized samples of the high silica/phenolic and carbon/phenolic were obtained through carbonization experiments, and the specific heat of the carbonized samples was determined by a 3D DSC from 150 $$^{\circ }\hbox {C}$$ ∘ C to 970 $$^{\circ }\hbox {C}$$ ∘ C . Structural and compositional characterizations were performed to determine the mass fractions of the fiber and the carbonized product of phenolic which are the two constituents of the carbonized samples, while the specific heat of each constituent was also measured by 3D DSC. The masses of the carbonized samples were reduced when heated to a high temperature in the specific heat measurements, due to the thermal degradation of the carbonized product of phenolic resin in the carbonized samples. The raw experimental specific heat of the two carbonized samples and the carbonized product of phenolic resin was modified according to the quality changes of the carbonized samples presented by TGA results. Based on the mass fraction and the specific heat of each constituent, a weighted average method was adopted to obtain the calculated results of the carbonized samples. Due to the unconsolidated property of the fiber samples which impacts the reliability of the DSC measurement, there is a certain deviation between the experimental and calculated results of the carbonized samples. Considering the similarity of composition and structure, the data of quartz glass and graphite were used to substitute the specific heat of the high silica fiber and carbon fiber, respectively, resulting in better agreements with the experimental ones. Furthermore, the accurate specific heat of the high silica fiber and carbon fiber bundles was obtained by inversion, enabling the prediction of the specific heat of the carbonized ablators with different constituent mass fractions by means of the weighted average method in engineering.

Journal

International Journal of ThermophysicsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 23, 2017

References

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