Experimental investigation on the influence of boundary layer thickness on the base pressure and near-wake flow features of an axisymmetric blunt-based body

Experimental investigation on the influence of boundary layer thickness on the base pressure and... The influence of the thickness of the boundary layer developing over the surface of an axisymmetric bluff body upon its base pressure and near-wake flow is analyzed experimentally. The model, whose diameter-to-length ratio is d/l = 0.175, has a forebody with an elliptical contour and a sharp-edged flat base; it is supported above a plate by means of a faired strut. The pressure distributions over the body lateral and base surfaces were obtained using numerous pressure taps, while the boundary layer profiles and the wake velocity field were measured through hot-wire anemometry. The tests were carried out at $$Re = u_\infty l/\nu = 5.5\times10^{5}$$ R e = u ∞ l / ν = 5.5 × 10 5 , at which the boundary layer over the lateral surface of the body becomes turbulent before reaching the base contour. Strips of emery cloth were wrapped in various positions around the body circumference in order to modify the thickness and the characteristics of the boundary layer. The results show that increasing the boundary layer thickness causes a decrease in the base suctions and a corresponding increase in the length of the mean recirculation region present behind the body. In the spectra of the velocity fluctuations measured within and aside the wake, a dominating peak becomes evident in the region downstream of the final part of the recirculation region. The relevant non-dimensional frequency decreases with increasing boundary layer thickness; however, a Strouhal number based on the wake width and the velocity defect at a suitable reference cross section downstream of the recirculation region is found to remain almost constant for the different cases. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Experimental investigation on the influence of boundary layer thickness on the base pressure and near-wake flow features of an axisymmetric blunt-based body

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-013-1612-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The influence of the thickness of the boundary layer developing over the surface of an axisymmetric bluff body upon its base pressure and near-wake flow is analyzed experimentally. The model, whose diameter-to-length ratio is d/l = 0.175, has a forebody with an elliptical contour and a sharp-edged flat base; it is supported above a plate by means of a faired strut. The pressure distributions over the body lateral and base surfaces were obtained using numerous pressure taps, while the boundary layer profiles and the wake velocity field were measured through hot-wire anemometry. The tests were carried out at $$Re = u_\infty l/\nu = 5.5\times10^{5}$$ R e = u ∞ l / ν = 5.5 × 10 5 , at which the boundary layer over the lateral surface of the body becomes turbulent before reaching the base contour. Strips of emery cloth were wrapped in various positions around the body circumference in order to modify the thickness and the characteristics of the boundary layer. The results show that increasing the boundary layer thickness causes a decrease in the base suctions and a corresponding increase in the length of the mean recirculation region present behind the body. In the spectra of the velocity fluctuations measured within and aside the wake, a dominating peak becomes evident in the region downstream of the final part of the recirculation region. The relevant non-dimensional frequency decreases with increasing boundary layer thickness; however, a Strouhal number based on the wake width and the velocity defect at a suitable reference cross section downstream of the recirculation region is found to remain almost constant for the different cases.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 24, 2013

References

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