An experimental analysis of the unsteady flow field in a realistic, transparent model of the human lung is presented. The model consists of the bronchial tree up to the third generation of bifurcation. The spatial focus is on the second bifurcation between the right main bronchus and the subsequent lobe bronchi, whereas the temporal focus is on the transition from inspiration to expiration. Due to the highly three-dimensional and unsteady character of the flow field, time-resolved 3D-3C measurements are performed using quasi-volumetric stereo scanning particle-image velocimetry. The measurements cover the total bronchial cross-section and are taken for two Womersley numbers of α1 = 3.4 and α2 = 4.2 at one peak Reynolds number of Re D = 1,420, representing breathing at rest. The temporal and spatial development of the flow field is presented for three temporal states in six parallel planes. The measurements show the development of vortical structures of varying size and location. An increased mass flux into the right superior bronchus for α2, a frequency-dependent phase shift of the flow structures, and a heterogeneous outflow at the beginning of the expiration phase are evidenced.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: May 5, 2011
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera