Experimental investigation of the transitional bronchial velocity distribution using stereo scanning PIV

Experimental investigation of the transitional bronchial velocity distribution using stereo... An experimental analysis of the unsteady flow field in a realistic, transparent model of the human lung is presented. The model consists of the bronchial tree up to the third generation of bifurcation. The spatial focus is on the second bifurcation between the right main bronchus and the subsequent lobe bronchi, whereas the temporal focus is on the transition from inspiration to expiration. Due to the highly three-dimensional and unsteady character of the flow field, time-resolved 3D-3C measurements are performed using quasi-volumetric stereo scanning particle-image velocimetry. The measurements cover the total bronchial cross-section and are taken for two Womersley numbers of α1 = 3.4 and α2 = 4.2 at one peak Reynolds number of Re D = 1,420, representing breathing at rest. The temporal and spatial development of the flow field is presented for three temporal states in six parallel planes. The measurements show the development of vortical structures of varying size and location. An increased mass flux into the right superior bronchus for α2, a frequency-dependent phase shift of the flow structures, and a heterogeneous outflow at the beginning of the expiration phase are evidenced. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Experimental investigation of the transitional bronchial velocity distribution using stereo scanning PIV

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Fluid Dynamics
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-011-1103-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

An experimental analysis of the unsteady flow field in a realistic, transparent model of the human lung is presented. The model consists of the bronchial tree up to the third generation of bifurcation. The spatial focus is on the second bifurcation between the right main bronchus and the subsequent lobe bronchi, whereas the temporal focus is on the transition from inspiration to expiration. Due to the highly three-dimensional and unsteady character of the flow field, time-resolved 3D-3C measurements are performed using quasi-volumetric stereo scanning particle-image velocimetry. The measurements cover the total bronchial cross-section and are taken for two Womersley numbers of α1 = 3.4 and α2 = 4.2 at one peak Reynolds number of Re D = 1,420, representing breathing at rest. The temporal and spatial development of the flow field is presented for three temporal states in six parallel planes. The measurements show the development of vortical structures of varying size and location. An increased mass flux into the right superior bronchus for α2, a frequency-dependent phase shift of the flow structures, and a heterogeneous outflow at the beginning of the expiration phase are evidenced.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: May 5, 2011

References

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