Experimental results on the dynamics of a vortex dipole evolving in a shallow fluid layer are presented. In particular, the generation of a spanwise vortex at the front of the dipole is observed in agreement with previous experiments at larger Reynolds numbers. The results show that this secondary vortex is of comparable strength to the dipole. The present physical analysis suggests that the origin of this structure involves the stretching induced by the dipole of the boundary-layer vorticity generated by the dipole’s advection over the no-slip bottom.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 26, 2009
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