Exon skipping in the KIT gene causes a Sabino spotting pattern in horses

Exon skipping in the KIT gene causes a Sabino spotting pattern in horses Sabino (SB) is a white spotting pattern in the horse characterized by white patches on the face, lower legs, or belly, and interspersed white hairs on the midsection. Based on comparable phenotypes in humans and pigs, the KIT gene was investigated as the origin of the Sabino phenotype. In this article we report the genetic basis of one type of Sabino spotting pattern in horses that we call Sabino 1, with the alleles represented by the symbols SB1 and sb1. Transcripts of KIT were characterized by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequencing cDNA from horses with the genotypes SB1/SB1, SB1/sb1, and sb1/sb1. Horses with the Sabino 1 trait produced a splice variant of KIT that did not possess exon 17. Genomic DNA sequencing of KIT revealed a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) caused by a base substitution for T with A in intron 16, 1037 bases following exon 16. The SNP associated with SB1 was designated KI16+1037A. This substitution eliminated a MnlI restriction site and allowed the use of PCR-RFLP to characterize individuals for this base change. Complete linkage was observed between this SNP and Sabino 1 in the Tennessee Walking Horse families (LOD = 9.02 for Θ = 0). Individual horses from other breeds were also tested. All five horses homozygous for this SNP were white, and all 68 horses with one copy of this SNP either exhibited the Sabino 1 phenotype or were multipatterned. Some multipatterned individuals appeared white due to the additive effect of white spotting patterns. However, 13 horses with other Sabino-type patterns did not have this SNP. Based on these results we propose the following: (1) this SNP, found within intron 16, is responsible for skipping of exon 17 and the SB1 phenotype, (2) the White and Sabino phenotypes are heterogeneous and this mechanism is not the only way to produce the pattern described as “Sabino” or “White,” and (3) homozygosity for SB1 results in a complete or nearly completely white phenotype. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Exon skipping in the KIT gene causes a Sabino spotting pattern in horses

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Life Sciences; Anatomy; Cell Biology; Zoology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial