Exon-intron structure of the Xist gene in elephant, armadillo, and the ancestor of placental mammals

Exon-intron structure of the Xist gene in elephant, armadillo, and the ancestor of placental mammals The Xist gene belongs to the class of long noncoding regulatory RNA genes which play a key role in the process of inactivation of one of the X chromosomes in females of placental mammals. Based on inter-specific comparative sequence analysis performed using a set of bioinformatic programs and approaches, the exon-intron gene structure was first described in two species, elephant and armadillo, belonging to the most primitive placental mammal groups, Afrotheria and Xenarthra. Using multiple sequence alignment of the species representing all main groups of placental mammals (12 species), consensus sequence of the ancestral gene was reconstructed. In the gene structure four evolutionary conserved regions with the identity level of 90% and the sizes of more than 100 bp were identified. Substantial contribution of transposable elements to the gene origin, as well as mosaic evolution of certain elements of the Xist locus was demonstrated. It is likely that the ancestral gene consisted of ten exons and was formed before the radiation of placental mammals, in the period from 140 to 105 Myr ago. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Exon-intron structure of the Xist gene in elephant, armadillo, and the ancestor of placental mammals

Loading next page...
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial