Exon-intron structure of the Xist gene in elephant, armadillo, and the ancestor of placental mammals

Exon-intron structure of the Xist gene in elephant, armadillo, and the ancestor of placental mammals The Xist gene belongs to the class of long noncoding regulatory RNA genes which play a key role in the process of inactivation of one of the X chromosomes in females of placental mammals. Based on inter-specific comparative sequence analysis performed using a set of bioinformatic programs and approaches, the exon-intron gene structure was first described in two species, elephant and armadillo, belonging to the most primitive placental mammal groups, Afrotheria and Xenarthra. Using multiple sequence alignment of the species representing all main groups of placental mammals (12 species), consensus sequence of the ancestral gene was reconstructed. In the gene structure four evolutionary conserved regions with the identity level of 90% and the sizes of more than 100 bp were identified. Substantial contribution of transposable elements to the gene origin, as well as mosaic evolution of certain elements of the Xist locus was demonstrated. It is likely that the ancestral gene consisted of ten exons and was formed before the radiation of placental mammals, in the period from 140 to 105 Myr ago. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Exon-intron structure of the Xist gene in elephant, armadillo, and the ancestor of placental mammals

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795410100194
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Xist gene belongs to the class of long noncoding regulatory RNA genes which play a key role in the process of inactivation of one of the X chromosomes in females of placental mammals. Based on inter-specific comparative sequence analysis performed using a set of bioinformatic programs and approaches, the exon-intron gene structure was first described in two species, elephant and armadillo, belonging to the most primitive placental mammal groups, Afrotheria and Xenarthra. Using multiple sequence alignment of the species representing all main groups of placental mammals (12 species), consensus sequence of the ancestral gene was reconstructed. In the gene structure four evolutionary conserved regions with the identity level of 90% and the sizes of more than 100 bp were identified. Substantial contribution of transposable elements to the gene origin, as well as mosaic evolution of certain elements of the Xist locus was demonstrated. It is likely that the ancestral gene consisted of ten exons and was formed before the radiation of placental mammals, in the period from 140 to 105 Myr ago.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2010

References

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