Evolution of legume-rhizobium symbiosis for an improved ecological efficiency and genotypic specificity of partner interactions

Evolution of legume-rhizobium symbiosis for an improved ecological efficiency and genotypic... Mathematical simulation of the evolution of polymorphic legume-rhizobium symbiosis showed that co-evolution of the partners for an improved ecological efficiency of symbiosis is greatly stimulated when low-active N2-fixing and non-N2-fixing strains of nodule bacteria are prohibited from colonizing nodules. The results of analysis of the model were collated with the comparative morphology of the infection process in various legumes, and its was assumed that mechanisms controlling bacterial reproduction in nodules arose in early evolution of symbiosis in primitive legumes owing to a transition from mixed to clonal infection. The development of such mechanisms was associated with adaptively valuable macroevolutionary transformations of symbiosis and directed its microevolution towards a parallel increase in the specificity and efficiency of mutualism. The increase was due to a reorganization of selective processes in endosymbiotic bacterial populations, which was based on changes in their genetic and spatial structures and optimized metabolic feedbacks between the partners (preferential allocation of photosynthesis products to the most active N2-fixing strains). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Evolution of legume-rhizobium symbiosis for an improved ecological efficiency and genotypic specificity of partner interactions

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics ; Animal Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795411030124
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mathematical simulation of the evolution of polymorphic legume-rhizobium symbiosis showed that co-evolution of the partners for an improved ecological efficiency of symbiosis is greatly stimulated when low-active N2-fixing and non-N2-fixing strains of nodule bacteria are prohibited from colonizing nodules. The results of analysis of the model were collated with the comparative morphology of the infection process in various legumes, and its was assumed that mechanisms controlling bacterial reproduction in nodules arose in early evolution of symbiosis in primitive legumes owing to a transition from mixed to clonal infection. The development of such mechanisms was associated with adaptively valuable macroevolutionary transformations of symbiosis and directed its microevolution towards a parallel increase in the specificity and efficiency of mutualism. The increase was due to a reorganization of selective processes in endosymbiotic bacterial populations, which was based on changes in their genetic and spatial structures and optimized metabolic feedbacks between the partners (preferential allocation of photosynthesis products to the most active N2-fixing strains).

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 24, 2011

References

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