Evolution and isoform specificity of plant 14-3-3 proteins

Evolution and isoform specificity of plant 14-3-3 proteins The 14-3-3 proteins, once thought of as obscure mammalian brain proteins, are fast becoming recognized as major regulators of plant primary metabolism and of other cellular processes. Their presence as large gene families in plants underscores their essential role in plant physiology. We have examined the Arabidopsis thaliana 14-3-3 gene family, which currently is the largest and most complete 14-3-3 family with at least 12 expressed members and 15 genes from the now completed Arabidopsis thaliana genome project. The phylogenetic branching of this family serves as the prototypical model for comparison with other large plant 14-3-3 families and as such may serve to rationalize clustering in a biological context. Equally important for ascribing common functions for the various 14-3-3 isoforms is determining an isoform-specific correlation with localization and target partnering. A summary of localization information available in the literature is presented. In an effort to identify specific 14-3-3 isoform location and participation in cellular processes, we have produced a panel of isoform-specific antibodies to Arabidopsis thaliana 14-3-3s and present initial immunolocalization studies that suggest biologically relevant, discriminative partnering of 14-3-3 isoforms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals
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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1021289127519
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The 14-3-3 proteins, once thought of as obscure mammalian brain proteins, are fast becoming recognized as major regulators of plant primary metabolism and of other cellular processes. Their presence as large gene families in plants underscores their essential role in plant physiology. We have examined the Arabidopsis thaliana 14-3-3 gene family, which currently is the largest and most complete 14-3-3 family with at least 12 expressed members and 15 genes from the now completed Arabidopsis thaliana genome project. The phylogenetic branching of this family serves as the prototypical model for comparison with other large plant 14-3-3 families and as such may serve to rationalize clustering in a biological context. Equally important for ascribing common functions for the various 14-3-3 isoforms is determining an isoform-specific correlation with localization and target partnering. A summary of localization information available in the literature is presented. In an effort to identify specific 14-3-3 isoform location and participation in cellular processes, we have produced a panel of isoform-specific antibodies to Arabidopsis thaliana 14-3-3s and present initial immunolocalization studies that suggest biologically relevant, discriminative partnering of 14-3-3 isoforms.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

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