Evidence of apoptosis induced by viral protein 2 of chicken anaemia virus

Evidence of apoptosis induced by viral protein 2 of chicken anaemia virus Although viral protein 3 (VP3) of chicken anaemia virus (CAV) has been well recognised as an inducer of apoptosis, viral protein 2 (VP2) of the virus has only been speculated to have apoptotic activity. This has not been verified because the open reading frame (ORF) encoding VP2 completely encompasses that encoding VP3, and thus the possibility of expression of VP3 cannot be excluded. The aim of this study was to elucidate the potential role of VP2 as an inducer of apoptosis. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to generate a point mutation that knocked out VP3 by early termination of its translation with a stop codon without imposing any change in the amino acid sequence of VP2. The mutated sequence was inserted into the pCAT plasmid preceded by a favorable Kozak’s consensus sequence to create pCAT-VP2 + VP3 − . The absence of VP3 expression in MSB1 cells transfected with this plasmid was confirmed using Western blotting, and DNA strand breaks and nuclear morphological changes were assessed to detect apoptosis. There was an increased level of apoptotic death in cells transfected with pCAT-VP2 + VP3 − compared to those transfected with the vector alone. This provides evidence that CAV VP2 can induce apoptosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Evidence of apoptosis induced by viral protein 2 of chicken anaemia virus

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-015-2542-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Although viral protein 3 (VP3) of chicken anaemia virus (CAV) has been well recognised as an inducer of apoptosis, viral protein 2 (VP2) of the virus has only been speculated to have apoptotic activity. This has not been verified because the open reading frame (ORF) encoding VP2 completely encompasses that encoding VP3, and thus the possibility of expression of VP3 cannot be excluded. The aim of this study was to elucidate the potential role of VP2 as an inducer of apoptosis. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to generate a point mutation that knocked out VP3 by early termination of its translation with a stop codon without imposing any change in the amino acid sequence of VP2. The mutated sequence was inserted into the pCAT plasmid preceded by a favorable Kozak’s consensus sequence to create pCAT-VP2 + VP3 − . The absence of VP3 expression in MSB1 cells transfected with this plasmid was confirmed using Western blotting, and DNA strand breaks and nuclear morphological changes were assessed to detect apoptosis. There was an increased level of apoptotic death in cells transfected with pCAT-VP2 + VP3 − compared to those transfected with the vector alone. This provides evidence that CAV VP2 can induce apoptosis.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 1, 2015

References

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