Evaluation of three adjuvants with respect to both adverse effects and the efficacy of antibody production to the Bm86 protein

Evaluation of three adjuvants with respect to both adverse effects and the efficacy of antibody... Cattle tick infestations remain an important burden for farmers in tropical area like in New Caledonia. With the development of acaricide resistance, tick vaccines should be an attractive alternative to control ticks but their efficacy needs to be improved. In this study three adjuvants were studied in an experimental tick vaccine with a Bm86 protein to assess their performance in terms of antibody productions and adverse reactions following vaccinations. The water-in-oil adjuvant ISA 61 VG led to higher antibody titers compared to a water-in-oil-in-water adjuvant ISA 201 VG and an aqueous polymeric adjuvant Montanide Gel 01. Vaccinations with these three adjuvants did not produce severe general reaction but an increase in skin thickness was observed especially with both oil-based emulsions. These results indicated that the water-in-oil adjuvant is the most interesting to use for this vaccine but local adverse reactions remain an issue. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental and Applied Acarology Springer Journals

Evaluation of three adjuvants with respect to both adverse effects and the efficacy of antibody production to the Bm86 protein

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing AG
Subject
Life Sciences; Entomology; Animal Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Animal Ecology; Life Sciences, general
ISSN
0168-8162
eISSN
1572-9702
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10493-017-0156-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cattle tick infestations remain an important burden for farmers in tropical area like in New Caledonia. With the development of acaricide resistance, tick vaccines should be an attractive alternative to control ticks but their efficacy needs to be improved. In this study three adjuvants were studied in an experimental tick vaccine with a Bm86 protein to assess their performance in terms of antibody productions and adverse reactions following vaccinations. The water-in-oil adjuvant ISA 61 VG led to higher antibody titers compared to a water-in-oil-in-water adjuvant ISA 201 VG and an aqueous polymeric adjuvant Montanide Gel 01. Vaccinations with these three adjuvants did not produce severe general reaction but an increase in skin thickness was observed especially with both oil-based emulsions. These results indicated that the water-in-oil adjuvant is the most interesting to use for this vaccine but local adverse reactions remain an issue.

Journal

Experimental and Applied AcarologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 27, 2017

References

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