The essential oil of the aerial parts of Lavandula multifida L., collected in Errachidia region (three samples) in southeast Morocco, was extracted by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC-MS. The oil was predominated by carvacrol (57.9–59.0%). L. multifida oil was tested as corrosion inhibitor of C38 steel in 0.5 M H2SO4 using weight loss measurements, electrochemical polarization, and EIS methods. The results obtained by measurements of weight loss showed that inhibition efficiency increases with inhibitor concentration to attain 72.2% at 2 g/l of oil at 298 K. Polarization curves revealed that L. multifida oil acts as mixed type inhibitor. The temperature effect on the corrosion behavior of steel in 0.5 M H2SO4 without and with the inhibitor at 2 g/l was studied in the temperature range from 303 and 343 K. The adsorption of inhibitor on the C38 steel surface was found to be a spontaneous process and to obey Langmuir’s adsorption isotherm. The associated activation energy has been determined.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 29, 2011
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