The effect of pollen irradiation at dose rates of 10, 15, 20, and 25 Gy on variability in cotton plants Gossypium hirsutum L. was studied. The modified plants showed a reduced fertility, mainly caused by chromosomal rearrangements and genomic mutations during meiosis. The genomic mutations involved primary and tertiary monosomics, monotelodisomics, and a haploid plant. The decrease in meiotic index and pollen fertility in the cotton aneuploids was related not only to aberrations in chromosome pairing but also to genetic features of the original plants. It was found that heterozygosity for interchromosomal exchanges found in M1 plants resulted in the formation of multivalent associations of chromosomes of various forms and types of segregation from translocation complexes. Another result was high variability in pollen fertility. An increase in irradiation dose rate caused an increase in the number of translocants with a high frequency of quadrivalents. The results suggest that the great diversity of forms observed in M1 after pollination with irradiated pollen is determined, first, by elimination of some chromosomes or their arms or the whole paternal genotype and second, by interchromosomal rearrangements. The high variability in pollen fertility of translocants hampers using this trait as a marker of heterozygosity for exchanges in cotton.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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