Evaluation of Selected Membrane Filtration and Most Probable Number Methods for the Enumeration of Faecal Coliforms, Escherichia coli and Enterococci in Environmental Waters

Evaluation of Selected Membrane Filtration and Most Probable Number Methods for the Enumeration... Selected methods recommended in national and international water quality guidelines were compared in tests on environmental waters with different levels of faecal pollution. The following methods yielded no statistically significant differences in counts of faecal coliforms and Escherichia coli in raw sewage, semi-treated effluent, polluted urban run-off and stored potable water: Membrane filtration (MF) using MFc Agar or Chromocult Coliform Agar containing X-glucuronide, or a miniaturised microtitre-plate Most Probable Number (MPN) assay using a liquid growth medium containing chromogenic 4-methyl-umbelliferyl-β-D-glucuronide. Significant differences were, however, found between the Chromocult and the other methods for unpolluted river water. Counts of faecal enterococci in raw sewage, semi-treated effluent and polluted urban run-off, obtained by the following methods did not differ significantly: MF using M-Enterococcus Agar, Bile-Esculin Agar or Enterococcus Selective Agar, or a microtitre-plate MPN method with a liquid growth medium containing chromogenic 4-methyl-umbelliferyl-β-D-glucoside. Significant differences were, however, found between the MPN and the other methods for unpolluted river water and stored potable water. MF using Chromocult Coliform Agar had useful benefits for the simultaneous enumeration of coliforms and E coli. However, in view of cost and practical considerations, MF using MFc Agar or M-Enterococcus Agar proved the methods of choice for respectively enumerating faecal coliforms and E coli, or faecal enterococci, in analyses for general water quality surveillance purposes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantitative Microbiology Springer Journals

Evaluation of Selected Membrane Filtration and Most Probable Number Methods for the Enumeration of Faecal Coliforms, Escherichia coli and Enterococci in Environmental Waters

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Environment; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology
ISSN
1388-3593
eISSN
1572-9923
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1011505418134
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Selected methods recommended in national and international water quality guidelines were compared in tests on environmental waters with different levels of faecal pollution. The following methods yielded no statistically significant differences in counts of faecal coliforms and Escherichia coli in raw sewage, semi-treated effluent, polluted urban run-off and stored potable water: Membrane filtration (MF) using MFc Agar or Chromocult Coliform Agar containing X-glucuronide, or a miniaturised microtitre-plate Most Probable Number (MPN) assay using a liquid growth medium containing chromogenic 4-methyl-umbelliferyl-β-D-glucuronide. Significant differences were, however, found between the Chromocult and the other methods for unpolluted river water. Counts of faecal enterococci in raw sewage, semi-treated effluent and polluted urban run-off, obtained by the following methods did not differ significantly: MF using M-Enterococcus Agar, Bile-Esculin Agar or Enterococcus Selective Agar, or a microtitre-plate MPN method with a liquid growth medium containing chromogenic 4-methyl-umbelliferyl-β-D-glucoside. Significant differences were, however, found between the MPN and the other methods for unpolluted river water and stored potable water. MF using Chromocult Coliform Agar had useful benefits for the simultaneous enumeration of coliforms and E coli. However, in view of cost and practical considerations, MF using MFc Agar or M-Enterococcus Agar proved the methods of choice for respectively enumerating faecal coliforms and E coli, or faecal enterococci, in analyses for general water quality surveillance purposes.

Journal

Quantitative MicrobiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 8, 2004

References

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