Evaluation of Phylogenetic Relationships between Five Polyploid Aegilops L. Species of the U-Genome Cluster by Means of Chromosome Analysis

Evaluation of Phylogenetic Relationships between Five Polyploid Aegilops L. Species of the... Four tetraploid (Aegilops ovata, Ae. biuncialis, Ae. columnaris, and Ae. triaristata) and one hexaploid (Ae. recta) species of the U-genome cluster were studied using C-banding technique. All species displayed broad C-banding polymorphism and high frequency of chromosomal rearrangements. Chromosomal rearrangements were represented by paracentric inversions and intragenomic and intergenomic translocations. We found that the processes of intraspecific divergence of Ae. ovata, Ae. biuncialis,and Ae. columnaris were probably associated with introgression of genetic material from other species. The results obtained confirmed that tetraploid species Ae. ovata and Ae. biuncialis occurred as a result of hybridization of a diploidAe. umbellulata with Ae. comosa and Ae. heldreichii, respectively. The dissimilarity of the C-banding patterns of several chromosomes of these tetraploid species and their ancestral diploid forms indicated that chromosomal aberrations might have taken place during their speciation. Significant differences of karyotype structure, total amount and distribution of C-heterochromatin found between Ae. columnarisand Ae. triaristata, on the one hand, and Ae. ovata and Ae. biuncialis, on the other, evidenced in favor of different origin of these groups of species. In turn, similarity of the C-banding patterns of Ae. columnaris and Ae. triaristata chromosomes suggested that they were derived from a common ancestor. A diploid species Ae. umbellulata was the U-genome donor of Ae. columnaris and Ae. triaristata;however, the donor of the second genome of these species was not determined. We assumed that these tetraploid species occurred as a result of introgressive hybridization. Similarity of the C-banding patterns of chromosomes of Ae. recta and its parental species Ae. triaristata and Ae. uniaristata indicated that the formation of the hexaploid form was not associated with large modifications of the parental genomes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Evaluation of Phylogenetic Relationships between Five Polyploid Aegilops L. Species of the U-Genome Cluster by Means of Chromosome Analysis

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial