The approach to determine pressure fields and integral loads from planar velocimetry data is discussed, in relation to the implementation for incompressible and compressible flows around two-dimensional objects. The method relies upon the application of control-volume approaches in combination with the deduction of the pressure field from the experimental data, by making use of the flow constitutive equations. In this paper the implementation for two specific application areas is addressed. The first is time-mean pressure field and force evaluation from velocity ensemble statistics, as obtained from time-uncorrelated PIV acquisition, for incompressible flow. Two test cases are considered for this flow regime: the unsteady vortical flow around a square section cylinder at incidence, as well as the force characterization of a low-speed airfoil. The second topic considers the extension of the method to steady compressible flow, with the supersonic flow around a bi-convex airfoil as experimental test case. As in this flow regime the density appears as an extra unknown in the momentum equation, additional flow equations need to be invoked. A convenient approach for this was found, using the gas law and the adiabatic flow condition, with which the pressure-integration procedure becomes essentially the same as for the incompressible case.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 16, 2007
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