Evaluation of cationic polyacrylamide-based hybrid coagulation for the removal of dissolved organic nitrogen

Evaluation of cationic polyacrylamide-based hybrid coagulation for the removal of dissolved... Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is an important component of aquatic environment of which amount impacts water quality. Thus, removal of DON has attracted wide attention. At present, it is difficult for common coagulation to remove DON from the aquatic environment. The cationic polymers can help to improve the removal efficiency of DON to some extent, but the underlying mechanism of the ascension is not clear. In order to grasp its removal behavior and further improve the removal efficiency of DON in the future, we evaluated the effect of a hybridized coagulant of polyacrylamide with iron-based coagulant on removal of aquatic DON. A higher floc growth rate (119.82 μm/min) and recovery factors (26.96) were found in the hybrid coagulation. The parameters affecting the DON and the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) included the molar ratio of Zn to Fe (n Zn/n Fe), CPAM content, and molar ratio of OH to Fe (n OH/n Fe): n Zn/n Fe had a larger influence in DON removal than CPAM content; CPAM had a larger influence in the DOC removal; n OH/n Fe played a moderate effect between CPAM and n Zn/n Fe. Mutual effect of hybrid coagulants indicated the colloidal species to be helpful in enhancing DOC and DON removal. Other parameters affecting coagulation performance included the pH: the estimated maximum DON removal efficiency occurred at pH 6, DOC removal efficiency at pH 8. The above results found in this study showed that DON removal was affected by the ingredient and the species composition of the hybrid coagulant, and the water environmental parameter. The enhanced efficiency of DON removal in the presence of CPAM was mainly attributed to the increased adsorption-bridging and sweep-floc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science and Pollution Research Springer Journals

Evaluation of cationic polyacrylamide-based hybrid coagulation for the removal of dissolved organic nitrogen

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Environmental Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Environmental Health; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0944-1344
eISSN
1614-7499
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11356-018-1630-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is an important component of aquatic environment of which amount impacts water quality. Thus, removal of DON has attracted wide attention. At present, it is difficult for common coagulation to remove DON from the aquatic environment. The cationic polymers can help to improve the removal efficiency of DON to some extent, but the underlying mechanism of the ascension is not clear. In order to grasp its removal behavior and further improve the removal efficiency of DON in the future, we evaluated the effect of a hybridized coagulant of polyacrylamide with iron-based coagulant on removal of aquatic DON. A higher floc growth rate (119.82 μm/min) and recovery factors (26.96) were found in the hybrid coagulation. The parameters affecting the DON and the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) included the molar ratio of Zn to Fe (n Zn/n Fe), CPAM content, and molar ratio of OH to Fe (n OH/n Fe): n Zn/n Fe had a larger influence in DON removal than CPAM content; CPAM had a larger influence in the DOC removal; n OH/n Fe played a moderate effect between CPAM and n Zn/n Fe. Mutual effect of hybrid coagulants indicated the colloidal species to be helpful in enhancing DOC and DON removal. Other parameters affecting coagulation performance included the pH: the estimated maximum DON removal efficiency occurred at pH 6, DOC removal efficiency at pH 8. The above results found in this study showed that DON removal was affected by the ingredient and the species composition of the hybrid coagulant, and the water environmental parameter. The enhanced efficiency of DON removal in the presence of CPAM was mainly attributed to the increased adsorption-bridging and sweep-floc.

Journal

Environmental Science and Pollution ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 10, 2018

References

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