Soc Indic Res https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1861-z Evaluation and Management of Urban Liveability: A Goal Programming Based Composite Indicator 1 2 Beatriz Valcárcel‑Aguiar · Pilar Murias Accepted: 14 February 2018 © Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract This paper proposes a composite indicator intended to assess the degree of live- ability provided by urban areas. This synthetic index makes two essential contributions to previous research. Firstly, it starts from a series of specifically urban partial indicators and dimensions. Secondly, the technique used to estimate the goal-programming-based index (Blancas et al. in Ecol Econ 69:2158–2172, 2010) enables urban managers to actively par- ticipate in constructing the indicator. The instrument was tested by estimating the index for a number of Spanish cities. The results reveal significant differences in the degree of liveability based on geographical location, population and functional hierarchy. Its applica- tion to Spain further highlights the tool’s potential for liveability analysis by varying urban manager profiles. Keywords Urban liveability · Urban management · Composite indicator · Goal programming · Spanish cities 1 Introduction During the course of the twentieth century, the world experienced unprecedented urbani- sation. Population agglomerations that are characteristic of urban areas allow for more efficient economic and social relations. However, although they provide residents with
Social Indicators Research – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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