Monte-Carlo simulations were performed in order to quantify the microbiological risk arising from the presence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in drinking water. A two-year survey of 45 utilities located on a portion of the St. Lawrence River (Quebec, Canada) allowed us to collect the information required for this assessment: parasite occurrence data, treatment performances and daily unboiled water consumption. For a conventional treatment, the mean annual risk of infection with Cryptosporidium was found to be approximately eight times higher than with Giardia. The Monte-Carlo simulations confirm that the clarification process plays an important role in the reduction of the health risk associated with protozoan parasites. In fact, in the case of Cryptosporidium, the impact of chemical disinfectants (O3 or Cl2) appears to be minimal in the cold water treatment conditions prevailing in Quebec. According to the Monte-Carlo simulations, 45% (for conventional treatment+O3) and 51% (for conventional treatment) of individuals are exposed to a risk of infection with Cryptosporidium higher than the proposed USEPA guideline (1 infection per 10[emsp4 ]000 individuals per year).
Quantitative Microbiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 8, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera