High resolution satellite imagery has the potential to map within-field variation in crop growth and yield. This study examined SPOT 5 satellite multispectral imagery for estimating grain sorghum yield. A 60 km × 60 km SPOT 5 scene and yield monitor data from three grain sorghum fields were recorded in south Texas. The satellite scene contained four spectral bands (green, red, near-infrared and mid-infrared) with a 10-m spatial resolution. Subsets were extracted from the scene that covered the three fields. Images with pixel sizes of 20 and 30 m were also generated from the individual field images to simulate coarser resolution satellite imagery. Vegetation indices and principal components were derived from the images at the three spatial resolutions. Grain yield was related to the vegetation indices, the four bands and the principal components for each field, and for all the fields combined. The effect of the mid-infrared band on estimates of yield was examined by comparing the regression results from all four bands with those from the other three bands. Statistical analysis showed that the 10-m, four-band image and the aggregated 20-m and 30-m images explained 68, 76 and 83%, respectively, of the variation in yield for all the fields combined. The coefficient of determination between yield and the imagery increased with pixel size because of the smoothing effect. The inclusion of the mid-infrared band slightly improved the R 2 values. These results indicate that high resolution SPOT 5 multispectral imagery can be a useful data source for determining within-field yield variation for crop management.
Precision Agriculture – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 19, 2009
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