Ethylene synthesis in petunia stigma tissues governs the growth of pollen tubes in progamic phase of fertilization

Ethylene synthesis in petunia stigma tissues governs the growth of pollen tubes in progamic phase... In the pollen-pistil system of petunia (Petunia hybrida L.) self-compatible and self-incompatible clones within 7 h after self-pollination, we determined the content of ACC (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid), the activity of two enzymes (ACC synthase and ACC oxidase), and the rate of ethylene production. Depending on the type of pollination, germination of pollen on the stigma surface and the pollen tube growth in the tissues of style were accompanied by different levels of ACC and ethylene release. The pollen-pistil system of the self-compatible clone contained twice more ACC than in the self-incompatible clone, whereas the pollen-pistil system in the self-incompatible clone produced 4–5 times more ethylene than in the self-compatible clone. For both types of pollination, ACC and ethylene were predominantly produced in the stigma tissues. The rate of ethylene production therein was 50 times greater than in the styles and ovaries, and the content of ACC was 100 times higher than in the styles and ovaries. Germination of male gametophyte after both types of pollination was accompanied by elevated ACC synthase activity (especially in the case of compatible pollination), whereas notable increase in ACC oxidase activity was manifested in growing pollen tubes after self-incompatible pollination Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Ethylene synthesis in petunia stigma tissues governs the growth of pollen tubes in progamic phase of fertilization

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SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2011 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
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