Ethanol Activates Maxi Ca2+-activated K+ Channels of Clonal Pituitary (GH3) Cells

Ethanol Activates Maxi Ca2+-activated K+ Channels of Clonal Pituitary (GH3) Cells The effect of ethanol on maxi Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BK channels) in GH3 pituitary tumor cells was investigated using single-channel recordings and focusing on intracellular signal transduction. In outside-out patches, ethanol caused a transient concentration-dependent increase of BK-channel activity. 30 mm (1.4‰) ethanol significantly increased mean channel open time and channel open probability by 26.3 ± 9% and 78.8 ± 10%, respectively; single-channel current amplitude was not affected by ethanol. The augmenting effect of ethanol was blocked in the presence of protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors staurosporine, bisindolylmaleimide, and PKC (19–31) pseudosubstrate inhibitor as well as by AMP-PNP (5′-adenylylimidodiphosphate), a nonhydrolyzable ATP-analogue, but not by the phospholipase C blocker U-73122. Phosphatase inhibitors microcystin-LR and okadaic acid promoted the ethanol effect. The blocking effect was released at higher concentrations of ethanol (100 mm) suggesting a second site of action or a competition between blockers and ethanol. Our results suggest that the effect of ethanol on BK-channels is mediated by PKC stimulation and phosphorylation of the channels which increases channel activity and hence may influence action potentials duration and hormone secretion. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Ethanol Activates Maxi Ca2+-activated K+ Channels of Clonal Pituitary (GH3) Cells

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/PL00005895
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effect of ethanol on maxi Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BK channels) in GH3 pituitary tumor cells was investigated using single-channel recordings and focusing on intracellular signal transduction. In outside-out patches, ethanol caused a transient concentration-dependent increase of BK-channel activity. 30 mm (1.4‰) ethanol significantly increased mean channel open time and channel open probability by 26.3 ± 9% and 78.8 ± 10%, respectively; single-channel current amplitude was not affected by ethanol. The augmenting effect of ethanol was blocked in the presence of protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors staurosporine, bisindolylmaleimide, and PKC (19–31) pseudosubstrate inhibitor as well as by AMP-PNP (5′-adenylylimidodiphosphate), a nonhydrolyzable ATP-analogue, but not by the phospholipase C blocker U-73122. Phosphatase inhibitors microcystin-LR and okadaic acid promoted the ethanol effect. The blocking effect was released at higher concentrations of ethanol (100 mm) suggesting a second site of action or a competition between blockers and ethanol. Our results suggest that the effect of ethanol on BK-channels is mediated by PKC stimulation and phosphorylation of the channels which increases channel activity and hence may influence action potentials duration and hormone secretion.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 1997

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