ISSN 1067-4136, Russian Journal of Ecology, 2016, Vol. 47, No. 5, pp. 514–517. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2016. Original Russian Text © E.A. Snegin, A.A. Sychev, A.S. Shapovalov, 2016, published in Ekologiya, 2016, No. 5, pp. 396–400. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS Estimating the Impact of Ungulates on Holocene Steppe Ecosystems by Analyzing Repaired Injuries in Land Snail Shells a, a b E. A. Snegin *, A. A. Sychev , and A. S. Shapovalov Belgorod National Research University, ul. Pobedy 85, Belgorod, 308015 Russia Belogorie State Nature Reserve, Monastyrskii per. 3, Borisovka, Belgorod oblast, 309342 Russia *e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Received April 22, 2015 Keywords: Holocene, steppe ecosystems, mollusks, repaired shells, ungulates DOI: 10.1134/S1067413616050118 Reconstructions of environmental conditions of 191.35 kg of soil. They included specimens with intra- the past epochs inevitably involves certain difficulties. vital injuries that the mollusk could repair and con- Paleoecologists in their research have to rely on indi- tinue growing (Sychev, 2013). In particular, these were cators indirectly characterizing the effects of factor of cracks resulting from accidental mechanical impact different nature in the past. In this study we propose a (compression). Such shells were characterized by dif- method for estimating the impact of ungulates on ferent orientation of
Russian Journal of Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 20, 2016
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